Public Health: Patterns Shared Among Less-developed Countries

One of the major concerns in many emerging economies is better health care; hence the health practices in these countries are continually evolving. One of the methods that are being implemented in developing countries is the digitization of health care, making them the best countries for VPN, to protect patient data.

Developed countries have had a role in the history of less-developed countries; hence they influence the approaches to health care problems in developing countries. As a result of this influence, there are observable shared patterns in public health among developed countries. For instance, most countries have health care systems that mimic their colonial masters’ health systems, with several adaptations to local needs. Here are some of the shared public health patterns among less-developed countries.

Dependence on aid

Several factors such as political and societal instability affect the public health systems in developing countries. These factors often disrupt the administration of health care and resulting in gaps in health resources and unstable health infrastructure. Such unstable health infrastructure causes these countries to be dependent on aid from international organizations for buying hospital equipment and medicine.

Governorship

In most developing countries, health services, apart from private practice, are under a ministry of health. Even then, the ministry can step-in and take action when there is misconduct in private practice.

Usually, ministries of health have departments or bureaus that oversee education and training, hospital services, health services, and research and planning. At the periphery of hospitals are dispensaries and health outposts, which generally have one or two under-qualified staff treating patients, which limits their effectiveness. Whenever possible, these dispensaries and outposts are upgraded to full health centers.

Auxiliaries in health centers

Health centers care for a population of 10,000 to 25,000 people. These centers have assistants with four to ten-year basic education and one to four years of technical training.  The staff in health centers include a nurse, a midwife, a sanitarian, and a medical assistant.

Assistants treat patients because they are trained in health and diagnosis, but when a problem is beyond them, they refer patients to a physician in a district hospital. Together with district hospitals, health centers serve districts of about 180,000 people.

District hospitals rely on regional hospitals which in turn, rely on national hospitals. Ministries of health provide the policies to be followed and serve as a central planning unit in less-developed countries.